Cryptocurrency stealing malware hijacks the windows clipboard
August 24, 2018
Over a billion worth of cryptocurrencies have been reportedly stolen this year so far and we continue to see reports of crypto theft daily. Every time a huge cyberheist is reported cryptocurrency prices slump but they remain attractive to cybercriminals looking to capitalize on its growth potential.
This week, the SonicWall Capture Labs Threat Research Team has come across a crypto-stealing malware which monitors the victim’s clipboard to watch out for cryptocurrency wallet addresses.
Once detected, they will change the clipboard data with their own address. Unless the user is vigilant and carefully examines the address after they paste it, the transaction that happens after, will go to the cybercriminal’s address instead of the intended recipient.
This malware purports to be an important document and uses the following filenames:
- DOC_[*random numbers*].pdf
- SCN_[*random numbers*].pdf
- PDF_[*random numbers*].pdf
For more savvy users, looking at the file properties reveal that it pretends to be a text to speech application with an internal name of texttowav.exe.
It copies itself as drpbx.exe in the %APPDATA% directory.
It also adds the following registry key to ensure persistence:
- HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run drpbx %APPDATA%\drpbx\drpbx.exe
This malware was developed with Microsoft .NET framework and its assembly description shows it pretending to be a legitimate firefox file but misspelled “Mozzilla.”
To mislead the victim even more, upon execution it throws off a fake error.
During analysis, we noticed that this sample is packed using ConfuserEX and the main module is named “Bitcoinstealer” which establishes the real purpose of this malware.
Within its resource section is a subsection named “VanityAddresses.” This listed 10,000 different digital currency wallet addresses.
This malware’s method of stealing cryptocurrency is to monitor the clipboard data and match the contents using regex to identify whether a cryptocurrency wallet address has been copied, it then swaps that data with one from the 10,000 hardcoded addresses.
To demonstrate this functionality, we took some known WannaCry bitcoin addresses and tried to copy it over to notepad and found that a slightly different address was copied over as seen in the video below.
Clipboard hijacking demo
Sonicwall Capture Labs provides protection against this threat via the following signatures:
- GAV: Kazy.B_203 (Trojan)